Hammond, I., Canfell, K. and Saville, M. (2017), A new era for cervical screening in Australia: Watch this space!. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol, 57: 499–501. doi:10.1111/ajo.12669
The Australian National Cervical Screening Program (NCSP) was established in 1991, and resulted in a halving in the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer by the early years of this century. This outstanding achievement was due to an organised approach to screening by the coordinated efforts of the Australian, State and Territory Governments. The main impact of the program has been on the rate of squamous cancer in women aged 25 years and older, with no demonstrable reduction in rates of adenocarcinoma. Since 2002 there has been a plateau in cervical cancer incidence with little improvement since.